Section 4: Vaccine Considerations
As mentioned in Section 2, serious pneumococcal diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae– primarily pneumonia and meningitis – are the #1 vaccine-preventable cause of death in children under 5. WHO estimates that up to 1 million children aged less than 5 years die each year due to pneumococcal diseases and over 90% of these deaths occur in developing countries. In 2007, WHO issued a recommendation for the introduction of pneumococcal vaccines into immunization programs in developing countries to save millions of lives (1).
Local decision-makers frequently ask questions related to the implementation of new vaccines. These include: What is the magnitude of the problem? What will be prevented with vaccination? Is vaccination effective in improving child health? Is vaccination cost-effective? Is vaccine introduction feasible given its current price (2)?
This section will provide essential information about the available pneumococcal vaccines.
Section 4 Objectives: